ary history, was founded by Ptolemy Soter, King of Egypt, who died B.C. 283, and was greatly enlarged by his son Ptolemy Philadelphus and the succeeding Ptolemies. In connection with the museum was the Alexandrian Library, the most famous and the largest collections of books in the world, and the glory of Alexandria. Demetrius Phalereus, after his 杭州水疗spa会所全套 banishment from Athens, is said to have been its first superintendent, when the number of volumes, or rolls, amounted to 50,000.
If the other Ptolemies were as unscrupulous in obtaining 杭州夜生活百花坊books as Energetes is said to have been, it is no wonder that the library increased in magnitude 杭州品茶论坛 or value. We are told that he refused to sell corn to the Athenians during a famine unless he received in pledge the original manuscripts of Aschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. These were carefully copied, and the copies returned to the owners, while the King retained the originals. Various accounts are given of the number of books contained in the library at its most flourishing period, when Zenodotus, Callimachus, the poet Eratosthenes, of Cyrene, and Appolinius Rhodius were its librarians. Seneca states the number at 400,000; Aulus Gellius makes it 700,0杭州洗浴中心全套价格 00. Some reconcile the discrepancy by making the statements refer to different periods, while others believe that the larger figure includes more than one collection. That there 杭州桑拿信息网 were more than one collection is known. The original, or Alexandrian library par excellence, was situated 杭州按摩一条龙 in the Brucheion, a quarter of the city in which the royal palace stood; and besides this there was a large collection in the Serapeion, or temple of Jupiter Serapis, but when or by whom this was founded we do not know. The former was accidentally burned during the
Julius C?sar’s siege of the city, but was replaced by the library of Pergamus, which was sent by Antony as a present to Cleopatra. The Serapeion library, which probably included the Pergamean collection, existed to the time of the Emperor Theodosius the Great. At the general destruction of 杭州桑拿按摩推荐 the heathen temples, which took place under this emperor, the splendid temple of Jupiter Serapis was set upon and gutted (A.D. 391) by a fanatical crowd of Christians at the 杭州有口的足浴 instigation of the Archbishop Theophilus, when its literary treasures were destroyed or scattered. The historian Orosius relates that in the beginning of the fifth century only the empty shelves were to be seen.
A valuable collection was again accumulated in Alexandria, but was doomed to suffer the same fate, being burned by the Arabs when they captured the city under the Caliph Omar in 641. Amru, the captain of the Caliph’s army, would have been willing to spare the library, but the fanatical Omar disposed of the matter in the famous words:—“If these writings of the Greeks agree with the Koran, there could be no need of them; if they disagree, they are pernicious, 百花坊杭州 and ought to be destroyed;” and they were accordingly used for heating the 4,000 baths in the city. Just before the time of Mehemet Ali, Alexandria was a 杭州夜生活桑拿足浴 miserable place of a few thousand inhabitants, cut