The "Belt and Road" initiative is committed to promoting the economic development of countries along the route, and has made a lot of contributions to achieving the target of the United Nations Millennium Plan.
As of January this year, China has signed more than 200 "Belt and Road" cooperation documents with 147 countries and 32 international organizations.
According to data from the Ministry of Commerce, even under the influence of the epidemic, the trade volume of goods in my country last year and countries along the route was still innovative, reaching trillion yuan, a year -on -year increase of%, and achieved a joint development and mutual benefit with the countries along the route.
It should be emphasized that the "Belt and Road" initiative has always adhered to the basic principles of co -discussion, co -construction and sharing, and fully respect the independence and autonomy of countries along the route.
Chinese loans do not attach any political conditions and do not add any intention to interfere with the mandatory terms of other countries.
This is very different from that some Western countries have attached mandatory political terms in overseas investment and financing projects to interfere with the expansionist tradition and faction of domestic political and economic affairs of the host country.
The international situation is changing, and the world’s development deficit intensifies.
Development is the biggest convention of countries around the world. China is willing to take the "Belt and Road" initiative as an opportunity to provide Chinese solutions for human development as always. Especially with the initiative to enter the "gongbi painting" stage from the "freehand", China will continue to adhere to the guiding principles of high standards, sustainable, and benefiting people’s livelihood, promote the construction of high -quality development of the "Belt and Road", and jointly build a community of human destiny community. Essence
The "Belt and Road" is the "high -level open road" and upholds the spirit of open cooperation.
The main body of the "Belt and Road" is an enterprise. In the process of going out of the company, they must not only adapt to the local standard rules and cultural and social ecology of the host country, but also to compete fairly with the open world market with international enterprises. Therefore, this is also an international high -standard rule. Adapt to the process of opening competition in the world market. Overseas expansion in Western countries in history often has exclusive characteristics, and the "Belt and Road" is very different. Relevant projects attach great importance to open cooperation, and have developed a lot of cooperation with third parties including developed economies. As of the end of 2021, my country has signed third -party market cooperation documents with 14 countries such as Japan and Italy. Many companies use third -party cooperation to bid overseas bids and invest in overseas.
In addition, the “Belt and Road” actively connects international standards and is committed to shaping an open world economic system.
Different from the previous dominance of goods trade, the opening of the “Belt and Road” initiative is to promote the opening of rules, regulation, management, and standards. Adhere to the mutual promotion and benign interaction of internal and external openness, and through the "Belt and Road" initiative, to form a larger, wider field, and deeper open structure, to build mutual benefit and win -win, diversified balance, security, security, and safety with countries along the route. Efficient open economic system. The "Belt and Road" is the "road of sustainable development", which stimulates the sustainable growth vitality of the local economy. On the one hand, the connotation of sustainable development includes resource and environment sustainability.
Different from the strong expansion of some developed countries in the past and the transfer of pollution industries to developing countries, the "Belt and Road" project attaches great importance to green and low -carbon. Make positive contributions.
The first is to limit pollution projects to get financing. For example, the People’s Bank of China revised the "Green Bond Support Project Catalog" in 2020, which clearly stipulates that it will no longer provide financial support for traditional fossil energy projects involving coal and coal power. Second, in countries that do not have the endowment of clean energy power generation resources or very backward development levels, Chinese companies actively promote the world’s leading clean coal -fired technology and strictly control carbon emissions.
On the other hand, sustainable connotations also include the "Belt and Road" projects have always attached importance to debt sustainability. China has formulated the "Belt and Road" financing guidance principles "with 28 countries along the route. In 2020, Sate became the approval party of the 29th principles of the guidance. Some unique developed countries have fabricated unsatisfactory remarks, blame some countries along the route as the "Belt and Road" construction that encounters "debt traps" as China.
However, the debt issues of countries along the route are not necessarily related to the "Belt and Road" initiative, but have other reasons such as historical problems, global financial crisis impacts, domestic financial stimuli, and over -financing of financial markets.
There is no evidence that any country has fallen into a debt crisis because of participating in the joint construction of the “Belt and Road” initiative. Instead, some Western countries have the inferiority of “shorting” the economy of other countries, such as “shorting” Latin American countries in the early 1980s.
As the epidemic of new crown pneumonia is raging, China has also actively promoted the implementation of the G20 slow debt initiative, reducing the debt burden of African countries, and becoming the country with the largest contribution of debt reduction among G20 member states.
The "Belt and Road" is "the road of benefiting the happiness of the people" and adheres to the people -oriented development concept.
"If you want to be rich, build the road first." Infrastructure construction is a popular project of "Gan Zuo’s predecessor, and would rather be cool for future generations."
In order to make fast money, some developed countries often do not choose time -consuming and labor -intensive infrastructure construction. Instead, they are more popular with areas such as financial services such as financial services.
The "Belt and Road" is a development -oriented initiative. It attaches importance to protecting and improving people’s livelihood in development. As the infrastructure "hard Unicom" is solidly advanced, it provides the foundation and guarantee for the future economic development of other countries along the route.
Since the "Belt and Road" initiative has been proposed, it has really promoted a large number of cooperation projects for economic development and people’s livelihood improvement in countries along the route.
Under the Belt and Road Initiative framework, East Africa has the first railway, and the Maldives has the first cross -sea bridge.
Not only is this material level practical and favorable, the "Belt and Road" investment projects also directly or indirectly drive the employment, income level, social security and education level of countries along the route, and effectively benefit the people along the route.
The "Belt and Road" initiative promotes the people -oriented development concept and properly handle the relationship between people’s livelihood and development. It is also reflected in the green background of investment projects and attaches importance to high -quality sustainable development. Under the guidance of the concept of green and low -carbon development, the latest results of technological progress are used to build a green silk road and digital silk road. With the continuous and deep implementation of the "Belt and Road", future investment projects will pay more attention to people’s livelihood orientation, effectively enhance people’s livelihood and well -being of countries along the route, and make the "Belt and Road" into a "development zone" that benefit the world, benefit the people of all countries, "Happy Road".
Western expansionism has shown new forms and new features such as unilateral bullying, abuse of sanctions and ignoring the spirit of multilateralism, and has greatly reduced their willingness to participate in global governance. Redness, trust deficit, peace deficit, development deficit. In contrast, China is willing to travel side by side with the countries along the route, forge ahead, and strive to build the "Belt and Road" into an international cooperation platform for building a community of human destiny. The "Belt and Road" initiative provided a large number of international public products for the international community. The cooperation concepts and claims proposed have been widely recognized by the international community. Achievement documents. Whether during the epidemic, with the "Belt and Road" platform, the "vaccine partnership initiative" initiated by the "Belt and Road" platform, or in response to climate change, use the "green development partnership initiative" initiated by the "Belt and Road" platform, all show that China Wish shows that China Wish Faced with the future with countries around the world, and jointly build a determination to govern the road, the path of trust, the road of peace, and the road of development.
(Author: Ren Lin, a researcher at the New Era of Xi Jinping in the New Era of Xi Jinping in the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Director of the Global Governance Office of the World Economic and Political Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences) (Responsible editor: Dai Xiaoling, Wan Peng).