Deepen the integration of production and education to promote the high -quality development of vocational education in Sichuan

  Chengdu Textile Higher Specialty School of clothing design and technology majors is designing clothing samples for cooperative companies.

  Vocational education is an important part of the national education system and human resources development. It shoulders an important responsibility of cultivating diverse talents, inheriting technical skills, and promoting employment and entrepreneurship. The integration of production and education and school -enterprise cooperation are the basic model of vocational education.

  In recent years, under the strong leadership of the Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government, the Provincial Party Committee Education Working Committee and the Provincial Department of Education conscientiously implement the "Implementation Plan for Vocational Education Reform" and the spirit of the National and Provincial Vocational Education Conferences, strengthen policy leadership and project -driven project -driven , Construction of "professional+industry", "teaching+research and development", "training+employment" and "park+alliance" integration and development model of production and education, and promote the deep integration of education chain, talent chain and industrial chain, and innovation chain. In April 2021, Sichuan Province was rated by the State Council as one of the five provinces with a large school -enterprise cooperation, the development of vocational education, and promoting the effectiveness of vocational education reform. A "Professional+Industry" promotes the integration of production and education into the "chain" professional setting of industrial transformation.

Establish a professional setting macro -control and dynamic adjustment mechanism, optimize the professional layout of the province, enhance the degree of matching and consistency of professional settings and industrial development, and form a "professional talent -industrial worker" training effect. At present, a total of 19 major categories and 760 majors in the province have opened a total of 19 major categories, 760 majors, and 6,856 professional cloth points. In 2021, 919 new professional points were added, and 407 were eliminated and revoked. Higher vocational colleges dock "5+1", "4+6", "10+3" modern industry majors, which are 1041, 1524, and 123, respectively, an increase of%,%, and%from the previous year. The number of points to achieve the second industry increased by 7 percentage points, the tertiary industry decreased by 7 percentage points, and the first industry remained basically stable.

Professional settings and industrial focus have increased year by year, providing support for high -quality technical and technical talents to serve the high -quality technical and technical talents in serving the high -quality development of Sichuan Province.

  Curriculum content is close to professional standards. Vocational colleges establish a dynamic adjustment mechanism for professional docking industries, in accordance with the "three docking" ideas of setting up industrial needs, course content docking occupational standards, and teaching processes in accordance with professional settings. Standardize and industry standards, breeding the "dual -teacher" teacher team.

A total of 257 schools in the province carried out the pilot system of the "1+X" certificate system. In 2021, tens of thousands of "X Certificate" training and assessment were added to build a three -level operation system for the "Provincial Promotion Office -X Certificate Alliance -Pilot College" , Form the three -level pilot pattern of "secondary vocational -high school -applied undergraduate". At the same time, through the construction of high -quality online opening courses, the co -construction and sharing of high -quality teaching resources was achieved. The first batch of "14th Five -Year Plan" was established to build 150 provincial -level online open courses and cultivated 40. The total number of courses was more than 1.16 million.

  B "teaching+R & D" to promote the integration of production and education into a "catalyst" vocational education for technology research and development is an education for all industry fields. Facing the problem of "cold school hot enterprises", provincial -level relevant departments have broken the problems and revolved around industrial upgrading. With the demand for technical and technical talents with local economic development, focusing on key industrial fields, the first provincial -level production and education integration demonstration project is founded to explore the establishment of a new model of the integration of production and education with project demonstration.

  Multi -department collaboration. Single Credit, Education, Finance, Science and Technology and other departments, to build a "dual incentive" model, and arrange education fund rewards to be selected for the selected enterprises in schools and industrial funds, which stimulate schools and enterprises to develop vitality and innovative motivation.

The project focuses on the construction of technical skills talent training and teaching practice innovation platforms, highlighting the application of technical collaboration and the application of results transformation, and the provincial financial plan has invested 1.8 billion yuan to build 50 production and education integration demonstration projects in batches year by year.

Facing the "5+1" modern industry key areas, the first batch of 15 provincial demonstration projects will be established, attracting 2.3 billion yuan of funds to gather various types of funds.

  Double subject collaborates.

"Learning Education and Research Production" collaborative education is an important way to cultivate the industry’s urgent need for talents.

The implementation of the "dual subject" construction of the demonstration project, establishing the "dual subject" status of schools and enterprises, and promoting the "dual type" demonstration of "talent training+teaching research and development".

Since the implementation of the project, there are 35 major professional groups and more than 160 professional courses in school -enterprise and enterprises. Together, 136 dual -character special textbooks have been compiled, and 9 provincial teachers’ teaching innovation teams and 12 provincial skills master studios have been established. A total of 457 technical research, cooperative research and development, and technical service projects of school -enterprise cooperation were carried out, and 555 patents were obtained.

One new national production and education integration platform and one second prize of national scientific and technological progress.

  C "Cultivation+Employment" Promoting the integration of production and education into a "stabilizer" industry and education integration that promotes employment is to deepen education reform, enhance vocational education adaptability, and cultivate high -quality application talents that meet the needs of industrial transformation and upgrading and realize high -quality development needs Fundamental requirements and effective ways.

  The "high level" of the benchmarking and enhance the "gold content" of talent training.

Docking high -end industries and high -end industries, supporting vocational colleges, application -oriented undergraduate colleges, and industry leading enterprises jointly carry out pilot reform of undergraduate level talent training, cultivate high -level technical and skilled talents, and establish a "enrollment -training -employment" linkage mechanism. Students are in Cooperative companies are preferred. In 2021, the two majors of the two majors of mechanical and electronic engineering and application electronic technology education exceeded more than 60 points of undergraduate provincial control lines; clothing design and engineering, and lightweight projects recruited for secondary vocational graduates. %, 1080%, the admission scores reached 506 and 501 points, respectively, and the reporting rate was 100%.

  Strengthen the cultivation of "order formula" and open the employment of students. Actively carry out the pilot of modern apprenticeship systems, implement the "order style" training through in -depth cooperation between schools and enterprises, build majors in the industrial chain, build schools in the development zone, promote the establishment of joint school -enterprise training and dual education. Effective mechanism.

A total of 159 units in the province have established provincial modern apprenticeship pilots, and 23 units have been approved by the national modern apprenticeship pilot. In the construction of provincial -level production and education integration demonstration projects, there are 18 schools of industrial colleges, 80 training bases, and 15 technical innovation platforms. The apprenticeship system cultivates 4,420 students, and the employment rate of graduates has reached more than 95%. It has trained a group of high -quality technical and skillful talents with urgent need for enterprises and superior skills.

  D "Park+Alliance" has promoted the integration of production and education into a "pushing device" for local economic development. In recent years, Sichuan Province has incorporated vocational education into regional economic and social and industrial development plans, focusing on the construction of the Shuangcheng Economic Circle of Chengqing area, and actively explores. The multi -development model of production and education integration, and continuously enhances the ability of vocational education to serve local economic and social development.

  Create a regional vocational education "Plateau Peak". Establish a mechanism for co -construction coordination of the Ministry of -Division and the provincial joint construction, and jointly promote the integration and innovation and development of vocational education in the Chengdu Park City Demonstration Zone.

Chengdu established special funds for 100 million yuan in vocational education development and 50 million yuan in cultivating industrial development talent special funds, and established Chengdu, Deyang, Meishan, Ziyang, Ya’an, Leshan, Aba Vocational Education Development Alliance to vigorously promote the development of vocational education.

Relying on the construction of pilot cities for the integration of production and education in Yibin, promoting the establishment of a new model for the integration of cities as nodes, industries, and enterprises as the key production and development path. In the experimental area, the "three parks" and "four bases" are constructed to build a city group in the southern Sichuan Economic Zone. Establish different types of vocational education alliances (groups). 95 vocational education groups (alliances) of multi -subject and cross -regional vocational education group were formed, and the total operating funds for each group reached 100 million yuan. Essence

成立成渝地区双城经济圈职业教育协同发展联盟,吸纳理事会成员168个,设立19个行业性、区域性联盟,依托联盟构建“一院三中心”(协同发展研究院、人才培养中心、 Industry, university -research cooperation center and vocational training center), explore the practice of "production -academic -research -research -use" coordinated development mechanism.

(Yun Han) (Responsible editor: Luo Yu, Zhang Huawei) Share let more people see it.